Chorotega-Nicarao Museum

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Chorotega-Nicarao Museum (Betania)

Founded in February 2006 in the city of Chinandega. The museum has a permanent showroom that pays tribute to the ancient peoples of Nicaragua (Chorotegas, Nicaraos, Chodatl, Caribices, Lenca, Sutiabas), showing visitors their pre-Columbian art, expressed in ceramics, lithic and gold that transmit the roots of the identity and pre-Columbian history of Nicaragua.

The Collection is very beautiful, comprises ceramic, lithic or stone and metals that form the unique collection of pre-Columbian gold pendant presented to the public in Nicaragua and lytic includes gems like jade, worked by pre-Columbian peoples. It is a place to enjoy art, heritage, memory and identity of our land and of our humanity.

Address: Reparto Los Ángeles de donde fue Multicable cuadra y media al sur, Chinandega, Nicaragua.
Opening Hours: Monday to Friday 8 am to 5 pm. Saturday and Sunday: only groups with prior programming.
Contact information: Phone 2341 4291

Museology and script of the museum Chorotega- Nicarao in the land of the Nican- Náhuatl (Nicaragua- till here the Náhuatl came)

This museum pays homage to our main ancestors the Chototegas-Nicaraos and displays the Columbian Nicaragua territory that extended to the geographical areas of Guanacaste and Nicoya.

Nicaragua since prehistoric times has been a bio filter, a transit area and shelter for species, including humans. The existence of a varied biodiversity combined with a wide hydrography caused all this geographical area became a giant "breeding ground" that, after receiving waves of migration both north and south of the American continent, settled human groups that over the centuries became indigenous cultures.

Chinandega in the náhuatl language (chinantecatl), means chinan- shed. Tlan- place. Chinandega means place of sheds.

Hunters, fishermen and gatherers. Paleo-Indian Period (10.000 to 8.000 BCE)
A lot has been discussed. How and where the first waves of animals came to the new world and persecuted by human species? The begining of the human history dates back to the end of the Pleistocene period, when the weather began to ease human existence in our continent. Small groups of hunters in family moved from north to south through the American territory. These settlers called Paleo-Indians inhabited the never before territories, are the true conquerors of our continent. (We suggest not to use the term "Indian" to the American people better call them primitive inhabitants).

Archaic Period (8000 - 3000 BCE)
One of the most transcendental evidence of human presence in the Americas are human footprints.
In Nicaragua we have the Acahualinca footprints in Managua, which were left by hunter-gatherers in the Holocene period (6000 - 7000 years before present) on the shore of Lake Managua.

Orosi Period (3000-500 BCE).
In this period the population went from nomadic to initiate a sedentary lifestyle, they began the practice of agriculture and thus the development of the first artifacts such as kitchen utensils in Orosi ceramics in Nicaragua. It was found in the archaeological site of La Cruz in San Marcos Carazo. The oldest piece of pottery in the museum is from this period.

Tempisque Period (500-300 BCE)
Here we find the beautiful ceramic Chorotegas with one or two colors, zoomorphic and geometric designs.
During the construction of the museum it was found on the ground a type of tripod bowl, a Usulután negative type. It was named Usulután negative Betania variety. The ceramic Bocana is characteristic of this period of time and it was of household and funeral use.

Bagaces Period (300– 800 BCE)
Period represented by the arrival of the Nicaraos and their ceramic of three to four colors, with anthropomorphic, zoomorphic and abstract representations of religious and trade ceramics. The Nicaraos named our territory as Nicaragua that in Nahuatl means till here the Náhuatl came.
Jade seems to have been controlled at a social elite level. Using artifacts and greenstones are traits that set the difference.
Gold in pre-Columbian Nicaragua. Metallurgy began to spread through Central America and Mexico about the year 800 (CE) records of gold objects in Nicaragua have been found in the Ometepe period comprising the years of 1350-1550 CE. Obsidian was used in the pre-Columbian Nicaragua.

Sapoa Period (800 -1350 CE)
In this period seems to be when the pre-Columbian peoples reached climax in his artistic development that is expressed through a range of stone objects and fundamentally on the stunning polychrome ceramics.

Ometepe Period (1350 CE- 1550 CE)
Its cultural significance is between polychrome flourish until their consolidation. During this last phase may occur its decline in the early arrival of the first Spanish invaders.