Somotillo

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Somotillo

General Information
Name of Municipality Somotillo.
Department of Chinandega
Date of establishment 1873
Geographical position is located between latitudes 13 ° 02 'north latitude and 86 ° 54' west longitude.

Limits
The north by the municipalities of Santo Tomas, Cinco Pinos, San Francisco and Northern Honduras.
The south by the municipality of Chinandega.
The east by the municipality of Villanueva.
The west by the municipality of PuertoMorazán.
Territorial Extension 1.089 km ²
The town is located 206 km. from Managua.

Climate
Tropical savanna is characterized by a marked dry season of 4 to 6 months, rainfall varies from a minimum of 500 mm. up to 2.000 mm.
724.71 Sq km area
Height above sea level 40.67 meters

Population
28.204 inhabitants
Urban population: 11.531 inhabitants
Rural Population: 16.673 inhabitants

History
The town was originally an Indian settlement, Spanish colonization in the process of physical extermination and miscegenation, ended with the indigenous roots of the municipality.
The county seat is the same name, originally built 4 kilometers south of its present location near the river, formerly called Dulce Nombre de Jesus” and “Rio Negro” (Black River), the movemento of the city was produced by frequent floods caused periodically.

President Jose Maria Estrada, during the National War years 1856 and 1857 settled in Somotillo his government. On June 21, 1856 and July 4 of that year, forces camped in the village park coming from the Government of Guatemala aid to Nicaragua, under the command of General Mariano Paredes.
The town, received the rank of Villa by legislative agreement of September 4, 1873 and the title of city, for the first Legislative Act in December 1962.

There are two versions about the origin of the name of Somotillo: The first states that due to the existence of a child who had no parents, (who are known as "motos"), and that when she cried her grandmother told her: "Soo-motillo ".
The other version says that the place was formed by residents of Somoto Grande and that their children were calling him Somotillos.

Tradition and Culture
The celebration held in Somotillo is dedicated in honor of San Lorenzo, the town has 2 Catholic churches and some buildings of contemporary architecture with a solid structure.

Economic Activities
The township is largely agricultural and livestock, but its geographical position as a township border with Honduras has allowed the development of commercial activities in the past 40 years.
There is also a strong ceramic craft in the region The Ojoche, that due to country's economic recession, is inactive.
The main crops include sesame, maize and sorghum.

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