El Viejo

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El Viejo

El Viejo Township is located in the northwest corner of the country, being the largest municipality in the department of Chinandega and the Pacific coast of Nicaragua.

It is represented by a vast plain, broken by ridges and hills from which emerges the Quaternary volcanic complex Cosigüina Volcano, which dominates the town in the northwest corner. The coastline traversed by the complex of beaches, islands and estuaries, is another important element that extends from the boundary of the municipality from El Realejo to island Maderas Negras, to Punta de San Jose at the eastern end of the Peninsula Cosigüina, onto the mouth of the Rio Estero Real in the Gulf of Fonseca.

Also this feature has allowed the development of fertile soils deposited as a result of ongoing volcanism at which the region has been subjected. Areas of great natural beauty and landscape, now under decree of legal protection, are another product of these conditions that increase the development potential of the municipality.

Name of Municipality: El Viejo
Department of Chinandega
Area 1,274.91 Square Miles
Geographic position 12`40' Latitude y 871 10'de Longitude
Approximate height 43 meters above sea level
Current population 83.856 inhabitants
Climate The climate is warm subtropical with marked dry season of more than six months.

Economic activities
Its production in the last 10 years, was represented by crops such as Banana, Peanuts, Sugar Cane, the Sesame and Shrimp on a smaller scale, and these crops for export agro-processing which contribute significantly to the country's economy.

El Viejo Township is located in the Macro-Pacific region, is the most densely populated country, is characterized by fertile soils, Quaternary volcanism product, presenting a warm subtropical climate with pronounced dry season of more than six months and having a large coastline, inhomogeneous, of sedimentary origin.

It is a territory with a disproportionate and unbalanced development, product of the establishment of a national development model from the fifties, which resulted in the development of a process of land occupation with a marked trend towards concentration of population, production activities and services in many urban areas in the region, being opposed to little or no existing development on the macro-regions of Central and Atlantic country.

Natural resources management is irrational, particularly soil, water and other forest exhibit inadequate or poor utilization due to the common practice of using only a few resources exclusively and intensively. The clearest example is the productive activity that focuses on the growing of crops such as sesame, bananas, sugar cane and shrimp farming.