Chinandega cities

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Getting to Chinandega takes about three hours driving from Managua, or one hour from Leon. This department is appealing because it has numerous beaches, natural reserves and volcanoes.

The department of Chinandega is located in the north-west extreme of the country, between 12 ° 29 'and 13 ° 15' north latitude and 86 ° 37 'and 87 ° 38' west longitude. Bordered on the north by the Republic of Honduras and the department of Madriz, south to the Pacific Ocean, the east by the department of León and west by the Gulf of Fonseca. It has an area of 4,822.42 km ².

The department is divided politically and administratively into 13 municipalities, these being the following: San Pedro del Norte, San Francisco del Norte, Cinco Pinos, Santo Tomas del Norte, El Viejo, Puerto Morazan, Somotillo, Villanueva, Chinandega the provincial capital, El Realejo, Corinto, Chichigalpa and Posoltega.

It has a population of 463.817 inhabitants (Projected for 2010 as National Census of Population and Housing, INIDE, 2005) with a population density of 89 inhabitants / km ². The urban population accounts for the majority with 62 percent and in rural areas is concentrated only 38 percent. The most important economic activity is agriculture mainly the cultivation of sugarcane, there are two sugar mills Ingenio San Antonio and Pantaleón, being both of the biggest in the country.

The Department is characterized by a physiography consists of plains, hills, mountains, volcanic cones and coastal estuaries. According to the Köppen climate classification department is defined as tropical savanna. A marked dry season from November to April and the rainy season runs from May to October. The average temperatures are between 21 ° and 30 ° C and the maximum to 42 ° C. The maximum annual rainfall reaches 2,000 mm and the minimum to 500 mm annually in some municipalities.

Valuable natural resources available to Chinandega facilitate the development of various productive activities. Among the most important activities are the development of fisheries, industry, agribusiness, commercial activity and services, but mostly a farming activity that creates jobs to 40 percent of the department (According to National Census of Population and Housing INEC, 1995.), which contributes significantly to national agricultural production to concentrate most of the agro-export crops of the country.


Chinandega, whose name in Nahuatl has several interpretations, one of which is chinamitl-tacalt, or "place surrounded by reeds" was a small town during the Spanish colony, but its location in fertile, flat, and place of trade, their situation gradually improved over the years.

The origin of the name of Chinandega in turn derives from the Nahuatl language voice Nagrandana or "Chinantecal" which means "Chinantlan Neighbor," and this in turn Chinan daub shed or provisional rooms and indicative of particle place "Tlan". This means that Chinandega means "Place of tabernacles" or "provisional Rooms".

Chinandega is called City of Orange (hence the color of our logo in VisitChinandega).

The Spanish chronicler Fray Antonio Vazquez Espinoza in his summary description of the West Indies described his visit to Chinandega in 1613 as follows: "The town of Chinandega composed of many Indians, plenty of corn and all fruits of the earth, it seems a piece of paradise. "

From the beginning in 1796 as a town with streets Chinandega has well-planned urban links, and its engineer designer Antonio Rojas.

The development of the city of Chinandega and human embryo began with the law of March 30, 1835 that sent a fair set on December 8 each year. A year after the March 15, 1836 during the administration of Dr. Jose Nunez was conferred the title of town and 2 September 1839 the government of Don Joaquin Cosio (native of El Viejo) gave the title of city.

By legislative ordinance of Central American confederation issued July 17, 1842 the city of Chinandega was the capital of the Central American Federation and 1858 he dismembered the western province to be declared as a department.

In April 1898 a violent earthquake occurred attributed to internal convulsions of the neighboring volcano El Viejo or San Cristobal, affecting the city of Chinandega.

Currently, the city is an active center of commerce that sells variety of products mainly agricultural, in the region. The connection to the port of Corinto and Chinandega León make an important point. The city of Chinandega is a good candidate to be the warmest city in Nicaragua since the temperatures are quite high throughout the year.

This department places the highest volcano in Nicaragua, San Cristóbal (1,745 meters). It is also found Cosigüina Volcano Natural Reserve due to its eruption in 1835 Nicaragua entered the Guinness Book of Record, as this was the third largest in America and its sound waves reached Colombia, Jamaica and Mexico, while his ashes covered Central América.

Currently the department has the Casitas Volcano Memorial Park Posoltega in Memory of the Victims of Hurricane Mitch, which in 1998 produced a large-scale mudslide killing thousands of Nicaraguans.

Information provided by: INIDE and INIFOM